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Bucket Sort program in C Language

Bucket Sort program in C Language algorithm implementation –  Bucket sort is a sorting algorithm that separate the elements into multiple groups said to be buckets. Elements in sort are first uniformly divided into groups called bucket sorting algorithm , and then they are sorted by any other sorting algorithm.

Complexity of bucket sort is:

  • Best and Average case O(n + k),
  • worst case complexity O(n2)
  • where n is the number of items.


In this program user would be asked to enter the number of elements along with the element values and then the programs would sort them in ascending order by using merge sorting algorithm logic.

Types of Sorting Algorithms:

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Bucket Sort algorithm C Program implementation

#include <stdio.h>  
int getMax(int a[], int n) // function to get maximum element from the given array  
{  
  int max = a[0];  
  for (int i = 1; i < n; i++)  
    if (a[i] > max)  
      max = a[i];  
  return max;  
}  
void bucket(int a[], int n) // function to implement bucket sort  
{  
  int max = getMax(a, n); //max is the maximum element of array  
  int bucket[max], i;  
  for (int i = 0; i <= max; i++)  
  {  
    bucket[i] = 0;  
  }  
  for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)  
  {  
    bucket[a[i]]++;  
  }  
  for (int i = 0, j = 0; i <= max; i++)  
  {  
    while (bucket[i] > 0)  
    {  
      a[j++] = i;  
      bucket[i]--;  
    }  
  }  
}  
void printArr(int a[], int n) // function to print array elements  
{  
  for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i)  
    printf("%d  ", a[i]);  
}  
int main()  
{  
  int a[] = {51, 1, 8, 5, 6, 4, 9, 5};  
  int n = sizeof(a) / sizeof(a[0]); // n is the size of array  
  printf("Before sorting array elements are - \n");  
  printArr(a, n);  
  bucket(a, n);  
  printf("\nAfter sorting array elements are - \n");  
  printArr(a, n);  
}  

OUTPUT

Before sorting array elements are
51, 1, 8, 5, 6, 4, 9, 5

After sorting array elements are
1, 4, 5, 5, 6, 8, 9, 51 

Additional Reading

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