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Top 40 List of World Heritage Sites in India – UNESCO India 2022


List of World Heritage Sites in India – UNESCO India – The World Heritage Sites of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) are significant cultural or natural sites as defined by the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, which was established in 1972. On November 14, 1977, India ratified the convention, making its sites eligible for inclusion on the list.

The first sites to be inscribed were the Ajanta Caves, Ellora Caves, Agra Fort, and Taj Mahal, which were all inscribed during the World Heritage Committee’s 1983 session. Dholavira, Gujarat, was the most recent site to be inscribed in 2021.

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As of July 2021, World Heritage Sites may be found in 19 of India’s 36 states and union territories, with Maharashtra holding the most. In India, there are currently 40 World Heritage Sites. According to the organization’s selection criteria, 32 are cultural, 7 are natural, and 1 is mixed (matching both cultural and natural characteristics). India has the world’s sixth-largest number of sites. The 44th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee is currently underway in Fuzhou, China.

List of World Heritage Sites in India

UNESCO has designated the Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple in Palampet, Telangana’s Warangal, and Dholavira, a Harappan-era city in Gujarat, as World Heritage Sites. With this, India now has a total of 40 World Heritage Sites.

  1. Ajanta Caves
  2. Ellora Caves
  3. Agra Fort
  4. Taj Mahal
  5. Sun Temple, Konark
  6. Group of monuments Mahabalipuram
  7. Kaziranga National Park
  8. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
  9. Keoladeo National Park
  10. Churches and Convents of Goa
  11. Khajuraho
  12. Hampi
  13. Fatehpur Sikri
  14. Monuments of Pattadakal
  15. Elephanta Caves
  16. Chola Temple
  17. Sunderban
  18. Nandadevi
  19. Sanchi
  20. Humayun’s Tomb
  21. Kutub Minar
  22. Mountain Railways
  23. Bodhgaya
  24. Bhimbetka
  25. CSMT Station
  26. Champaner
  27. Red Fort
  28. Jantar Mantar
  29. Western Ghats
  30. Rajasthan Forts
  31. Rani ki Vav
  32. Himalayan Park
  33. Nalanda
  34. Khangchendzonga
  35. Chandigarh
  36. Ahmedabad
  37. Mumbai
  38. Jaipur
  39. Ramappa Temple
  40. Dholavira

List of World Heritage Sites in India

The General Knowledge component is an important aspect of many Bank and Government examinations. Questions about India’s geography, history, polity, and other achievements are always included in the GK sections of competitive exams. UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India is one of the most prevalent and repeating subjects in the GK part of the Banking and SSC exams.

You might expect queries about recent developments like Telangana’s Ramappa Temple and Gujarat’s Dholavira, both of which will be added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites in 2022. This decision was made at the UNESCO headquarters.

Before we go into the list of 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, let’s take a quick look at the criteria used by UNESCO to choose which sites to include in India’s World Heritage Sites. There are 10 criteria in total, one of which must be met in order to be listed in the World Heritage Sites. The following are some of them:

  • Human creative genius.
  • Interchange of values
  • Testimony to cultural tradition.
  • Significance in human history
  • Traditional human settlement.
  • Heritage is associated with events of universal significance.
  • Natural phenomena or beauty.
  • Major stages of Earth’s history.

Significant ecological and biological processes.

The significant natural habitat for biodiversity.

These UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India are cultural or natural treasures. In 1983, India’s first two sites, the Ajanta Caves and the Agra Fort, were added to the list. More than 38 locations in India have been inscribed over the years. The most recent are Telangana’s “Ramappa Temple” and Gujarat’s “Dholavira.” There are 32 cultural sites, 7 natural sites, and 1 mixed site among India’s 40 UNESCO Heritage sites.

List of World Heritage Sites in India

  3. Rajasthan Forts
  4. Keoladeo National Park
  6. Ahmedabad
  7. Nalanda
  8. Rani ki Vav
  9. Western Ghats
  10. Hampi
  11. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
  12. Fatehpur Sikri
  13. Monuments of Pattadakal
  14. Khangchendzonga
  15. Chola Temple
  16. Elephanta Caves
  17. Himalayan Park
  18. Sanchi
  19. Humayun’s Tomb

  1. Kutub Minar
  2. Mountain Railways of India
  3. Nandadevi
  4. Bodhgaya
  5. Bhimbetka
  6. CSMT Station
  7. Champaner
  8. Red Fort
  9. Jantar Mantar
  10. Kaziranga National Park
  11. Group of monuments Mahabalipuram
  12. Sun Temple, Konark
  13. Taj Mahal
  14. Agra Fort
  15. Ellora Caves
  16. Sunderban
  17. Khajuraho
  18. Ajanta Caves
  19. Churches and Convents of Goa
  21. JAIPUR

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